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MEMORY AND OBLIVION IN BYZANTIUM

The new topic, on which members of Byzantium WG are working together with the Centre for Advanced Study (Sofia) as part of a joint project supported by CAORC (Washington), is Byzantine memory and memory of Byzantium. In the course of research carried out on the topic already held was the international conference Memory and oblivion in Byzantium (November 26th -29th 2009, University of Sofia « St. Kliment of Ohrid ». On July 2nd 2010, the Centre for Advanced Study (Sofia) hosted a seminar of Byzantium WG, where presented was the monograph The Blank Spaces in Bulgarian Cultural Memory by Vesselina Vachkova treating the mechanisms of Byzantine way of remembering and forgetting seen by the author as fundamental raison d`être of the specific "blank spaces" in the past of the Christian world as a whole and in the Bulgarian Medieval history in particular (See summary and contents of the book in Bulgarian and English languages in: on-line publications).

Program of the Conference

ORGANISATОRS: Working Group Byzantium CAS Sofia Fondation Maison des Sciences de l`Homme, Paris (Programme Mellon) University of Sofia « St. Kliment of Ohrid »

Thursday (26.11.2009)

In the morning: Arrival and accommodation of participants.
In the afternoon: Guided visit in Boyana Church, Dragalevtsi monastery and Kremikovtsi monastery.

Friday (27.11.2009): History and Culture

First Morning Panel (09h00-10h40)
Chairman: Bisserka Penkova

09h00-09h20 - Tsvetelin Stepanov (Prof. University of Sofia "St. Kliment of Ohrid", Faculty of Philosophy): MEMORY and OBLIVION in the Christian East, 990s--1200: Three Apocalyptic `Cases`.
09h20-09h40 - Vesselina Vatchkova (NGDK, visiting professor in the National Academy of Arts): Le méchanisme byzantin pour damnatio memoriae.
09h40-10h00 - Gueorgui Kazakov (assistant prof., University of Sofia "St. Kliment of Ohrid", Faculty of Philosophy): Les récits du cérémonial et la constitution de la mémoire.
10h00-10h20 – Alexandre Nikolov (Prof. University of Sofia "St. Kliment of Ohrid", Faculty of history): Byzantine Policy of Oblivion: The Case of St. Cyril and St. Methodius.
10h20-10h40 – Discussion
10h40-11h00 – Coffee-brake

Second Morning Panel (11h00-13h00)
Chairman: Tsvetelin Stepanov

11h00-11h20 – Vlada Stankovic (Prof. University of Belgrade, Faculty of Philosophy/Open University Cyprus), Lest we forget: History writing in the age of the Komnenoi, and the use of memories.
11h20-11h40 - Vassil Ninov (Ph.D. student, University of Sofia "St. Kliment of Ohrid): Les Byzantins se souviennent-ils des Croisades?
11h40-12h00 -Przemysław Marciniak (Université de Silésie, Faculté des Lettres classiques, Katowice, Pologne, Boursier Mellon/Berlin) The depths of oblivion. Memory and oblivion in the introductions to the Byzantine historical works.
12h00-12h20 - Jordan Tabov (researcher, Bulgarian Academy of sciences, Institute of Mathematics): Une ère condamnée à l`oubli dans la date de l`inscription de Voden.
12h20-12h40 - Vladimir Angelov (researcher, Bulgarian Academy of sciences, Institute of History): Les témoignages sur l`histoire bulgare dans les chroniques byzantines tardives.
12h40-13h00 – Discussion.
13h00-14h30 – Lunch.

First Afternoon Panel (14h30-16h15)
Chairman: Snejana Gorjanova

14h30-14h50 - Elena Kostova (researcher, Bulgarian Academy of sciences, Institute of History) : Hrelio between Byzantium and Serbia.
14h50-15h10 - Alexandre Моshev (Ph.D. student, Bulgarian Academy of sciences, Institute of History) : Les symboles de l`étatisme byzantin – mémoire et oubli (XXIe s.).
15h10-15h30 - Boris Naimushin (researcher, New Bulgarian University, Dep. of Foreign Languages) : Bible Localization and the Politics of Memory of Oblivion.
15h30-15h50 - Emilia Karaboeva (Technical University of Eindhoven, University of Sofia, Faculty of Philosophy) : La mémoire byzantine des morts – essai de reconstruction à travers la pratique orthodoxe contemporaine.
15h50-16h15 - Discussion.
16h15-16h30 - Coffee-break

Second Afternoon Panel
Chairman: Vesselina Vatchkova

17h00 : Promotion of the book "Homo byzantinus ?" containing the papers from the last year colloquium organized by the Working Group of Byzantium on the same topic.
17h30: Mediaeval welcome cocktail with presentation of the mediaeval cuisine and tasting of mediaeval food prepared by Petja Krusheva.

Saturday (28.11.2009) :Art, Archaeology and Literature

First Morning Panel (09h00-10h40)
Chairman: Vesselina Vatchkova

09h00-09h20 - Ivana Jevtic (lecturer, Isik University, Istanbul) : La seconde vie des matériaux : la mémoire dans la lecture des spolia.
09h20-09h40 - Albena Milanova (researcher, University of Sofia, Centre for Slavo-byzantine studies « Ivan Dujcev ») : La mémoire byzantine dans la plastique sur pierre du Premier Etat bulgare
09h40-10h00 - Nina Iamanidze (Humboldt Research Fellow, Universität Bonn) : Mémoire écrite : texte et image dans la sculpture liturgique géorgienne (VIIIe-XIe s.)
10h00-10h20 - Vassil Tenekedjiev (Curator, Varna Regional Museum of History – Dep. Of Archaeology; PhD Candidate at Sofia University "St. Clemint of Ochrid"): The Copying in the Byzantine Iconographic Tradition as a Tool Against Oblivion: The Case of One Marian Icon from Varna.
10h20-10h40 – Discussion
10h40-11h00 – Coffee-brake

Second Morning Panel (11h00-12h30)
Chairman: Albena Milanova

11h00-11h20 - Bisserka Penkova (senior researcher, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Art History; prof. Bulgarian Academy of Arts) : Les reliques des Blachernes dans le monastère de Bachkovo.
11h20-11h40 - Athanassios Semoglou (prof. Aristoteliou University of Thessaloniki) : La paraphrase et ses conséquences artistiques: une arme contre l`oubli. Le cas de sainte Thècle.
11h40-12h00 - Snéjana Gorjanova (archaeologist, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, National Institute and Museum of Archaeology) : L`église de Saint-Théodore du village Dobrina (région de Provadija)- le chemin de l`oubli aux mythes.
12h00-12h20 - Daniel Phocas (Bulgarian Academy of Arts) : Au sujet de la représentation du dragon dans l`art de la Bulgarie médiévale.
12h20-12h30 – Discussion.
12h30-14h00 – Lunch.

First Afternoon Panel (14h00-15h15)
Chairman: Gueorgui Kazakov

14h00-14h20 - Dimitar Iliev (prof. assistant, University of Sofia "St. Kliment of Ohrid ») : La mémoire du langage poétique : le cas de l`utilisation de l`épigramme tardoantique.
14h20-14h40 - Maja Petrova (researcher, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institut for Literature) : The Second Bulgarian Translation of the Chronicle of George Hamartolos (the so-called Letovnik): Reception and Dissemination.
14h40-15h00 - Margaret Dimitrova (prof. University of Sofia "St. Kliment of Ohrid ») : Les rituels, la mémoire, l`Eglise et les femmes accouchées (d`après les sources byzantines et slaves).
15h00-15h15 – Discussion
15h15-15h30 – Coffee-brake

Second Afternoon Panel (15h50-16h15)
Chairman: Alexandre Nikolov

15h30-15h50 - Snejana Rakova (Prof. University of the South-West « Neophite of Rila ») : Les souvenirs de Constantinople et de la Sainte-Sophie dans les récits de deux Vénétiens du XVIe s.
15h50-16h10 - Antoaneta Petkova (M.A. student, University of Sofia "St. Kliment of Ohrid »): La mémoire pour Constantinople, capitale byzantine.
16h10-16h30 – Discussion and closure.

18h00 : Good-bay party for the participants of the conference.

Sunday (29.11.2009)

In the morning: Visit of the National Museum of Archaelogy
In the afternoon: Departure of the participants.

Colloquium Homo Byzantinus?

On February 22nd,- 23rd 2008, at University of Sofia « St. Kliment of Ohrid », the international colloquium Homo Byzantinus was held organized by Byzantium Working Group, Sofia, Maison des Sciences de l`Homme Foundation, Paris (Programme Mellon), Centre for Advanced Study (Sofia), University of Sofia « St. Kliment of Ohrid » and House of the Human Sciences and Society (Sofia).

Program of the Colloquium

les 22-23 f évrier 2008, Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », salle 2

ORGANISATEURS:
Groupe de Travail Byzance
Fondation Maison des Sciences de l`Homme, Paris (Programme Mellon)
Centre de Recherches Académiques, Sofia
Maison des Sciences de l`Homme et de la Société, Sofia
Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid »

Le 22 février 2008 (vendredi)

9h00 – 10h40 : Première session du matin
Vesselina Vatchkova

9h00 – 9h20 : Inauguration du colloque
9h20 – 9h40 : Dr. Tzvetelin Stepanov (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté de philosophie), De Homo Romanus vers Homo Christianus en terres bulgares (IVe-VIe siècles).
9h40 – 10h00 : Dr. Lydia Domaradzka (Lycée national des langues classiques, Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », boursière Mellon/Athènes), Prossopographie et onomastique de la population du diocèse de Thrace, IVe-VIe siècles (d`après les données épigraphiques).
10h00 – 10h20 : Gueorgui Kazakov (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté de philosophie), Homo Neo Romanus.
10h20 – 10h40 : Discussion.
10h40-11h00 : Pause-café.

11h00-12h30 : Deuxième session du matin
Président : Dr. Tzvetelin Stepanov

11h00 – 11h20 : Dr. Przemyslaw Marciniac (Université de Silésie, Faculté des Lettres classiques, Katowice, Pologne, Boursier Mellon/Berlin), Homo Byzantinus Ridens.
11h20 – 11h40 : Dr. Vesselina Vatchkova (Lycée national des langues classiques, Académie Nationale des Beaux Arts, boursière Mellon/ FMSH-Paris), Polites ènaimos kai ànaimos. Homo Byzantinus et la mémoire de sa ville.
11h40 – 12h00 : Dr. Albena Milanova (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », CSVP, boursière Mellon/ FMSH-Paris), Snejana Gorjanova (Institut et musée d`archéologie, Académie bulgare des sciences), La vie quotidienne et le confort de l`homo byzantinus : le cadre de vie aspiré et réel dans les terres bulgares (IXe-XIVe siècles).
12h00 – 12h30 : Discussion.
12h30 – 14h30 : Pause-midi.

14h30 – 16h00 : Première session de l`après-midi
Président : Dr. Alexandre Nikolov

14h30 – 14h5 : Vassil Ninov (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté d`histoire), Nous sommes les seuls Romains : signes de l`identité culturelle romaine chez Anne Comnène.
14h50 – 15h10 : Martin Ossikovski (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté de philosophie), Le problème de `identité dans le contexte des discussions uniates.
15h10 – 15h30 : Théodore Dimitrov (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté d`histoire), La diabolisation de Mehmed II dans l`Histoire de Doukas.
15h30 – 16h00 : Discussion.
16h00-16h20 : Pause-café.

16h20 – 17h40: Deuxième session de l`après-midi
Président : Snejana Gorjanova

16h20 – 16h40 : Slava Yanakieva (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté de philosophie), Définition du genre des représentations visuelles dans l`Empire oriental.
16h40 – 17h00 : Emilia Karaboeva ( Université Technique d`Eindhoven), Eléments byzantins dans le modèle impérial contemporain.
17h00 – 17h20 : Guérassim Petrinski (Université d`Athènes, Département d`histoire et d`archéologie), Le mariage impérial à l`époque de la dynastie Isaurienne.
17h20 – 17h40 : Discussion.
18h00 : Cocktail pour les participants dans les locaux du CAS, Sofia.

Le 23 février 2008 (samedi)

9h00 – 11h00 : Première session du matin
Président : Dr. Albena Milanova

9h00 – 9h20 : Dr. Bisserka Penkova (Institut d`histoire de l`art, Académie bulgare des sciences, Académie nationale des Beaux arts), Le thème du monosandalos dans l`iconographie byzantine.
9h20 – 9h40 : Dr. Athanassios Semoglou (Université Aristoteliou, Thessalonique), Identifications centrifuges et identifications centripètes dans l`art byzantin: Les portraits des empereurs.
9h40 – 10h00 : Ivelina Kyutchoukova (Université de Fribourg, Suisse), L`homme et l`apparence ou la symbolique de la pompe de la cour impériale à Constantinople (Xe-XVe siècles).
10h00 – 10h20 : Margarita Kuyumdjieva (Institut d`histoire de l`art, Académie bulgare des sciences), Homo byzantinus et les images de la Trinité divine.
10h20 – 10h40 : Daniel Foka (Académie nationale des Beaux arts), Les motifs zoomorphes dans l`art byzantin religieux – canon ou goût ?
10h40 – 11h00 : Discussion.
11h00-11h20 : Pause-café.

11h20-13h00 : Deuxième session du matin
Président : Prof. Dr. Bisserka Penkova

11h20 – 11h40 : Dr. Margaret Dimitrova (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté des lettres slaves), Femina Byzantina: Pratiques et prières pour femmes accouchées et pour nouveaux nés dans les sources byzantines et slaves tardives.
11h40 – 12h00 : Dr. Maya Petrova (Institut de littérature, Académie bulgare des Sciences), Femmes-exemples pour les autres femmes à Byzance et dans le monde slave orthodoxe (Livres byzantins et slaves commandés ou possédés par des femmes).
12h00 – 12h20 : Dr. Buket Bayri (Université de Bosphore, Istanbul, Turquie), A la recherche de Homo Byzantinus dans les Vita et les Miracula des dervisches anatoliens.
12.20 – 12.40 : Petja Krusheva, Bon et mauvais dans la cuisine médiévale.
12h40 – 13h00 : Discussion.
13h00 – 14h30 : Pause-midi.

14h30 – 16h00 : Première session de l`après-midi
Président : Gueorgui Kazakov

14h30 – 14h50 : Dr. Dimitar Iliev (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté des lettres classiques et modernes), Les attitudes envers la langue dans l`Empire romain de l`Orient : exemples de la littérature antique tardive.
14h50 – 15h10 : Dr. Dragomira Valtcheva (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté des lettres classiques et modernes, boursière Mellon/ FMSH-Paris), Interpres byzantino-bulgaricus.
15h10 – 15h30 : Methodiy Rojdestvenskiy (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté de philosophie), Existaient-ils des chevaliers et des idéaux chevaleresques à Byzance ?
15h30 – 16h00 : Discussions.
16h00-16h30 : Café-pause.

16h30 – 18h00 : Deuxième session de l`après-midi
Président : Dr. Dragomira Valtcheva

16h30 – 16h50 : Dr. Ljuba Ilieva (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté d`histoire), La vie à Byzance d`après les concepts des Bulgares soumis à la fin du XIe et au XIIe siècles.
16h50 – 17h10 : Dr. Vladimir Angelov (Institut d`histoire, Académie bulgare des sciences), L`idée des « Barbares » dans les œuvres des historiens byzantins Doukas et Chalkokondylès.
17h10 – 17h30 : Dr. Alexandre Nikolov (Université de Sofia « St. Clément d`Ochrid », Faculté d`histoire), L`universalisme médiéval et le nationalisme grec contemporain.
17h30 – 18h00 : Discussion.
18h00 : Fermeture du colloque.

Since the successful end of the First Colloquium organized by Byzantium Working Group

   Since the successful end of the First Colloquium organized by Byzantium Working Group in 2005 and dedicated to the problem of the ‘inside’ and ‘outside’ notions of Byzantium and its culture, there has been a period of two years dedicated to studies such as the existence, if any, of the ‘Byzantine’ and the specific features of the ‘Byzantine man/woman’, etc. Also, in 2005–2007, the Group almost doubled its members, including some “Mellon” grant holders (for the ‘Members’ please visit the web-site section ‘Members’ of BWG). All these meetings and fruitful discussions in 2005–2007 culminated in the second Colloquium of BWG held on February 22nd and 23rd, in Hall 1 of St Kliment Ohridski University, Sofia. Not surprisingly, its topic was “Homo Byzantinus?”. It was organized thanks to the help of the Foundation ‘Maison des Sciences de l’Homme’ (Paris) and support of both the ‘Center for Advanced Studies’ (Sofia) ; ‘Maison des Sciences de l’Homme et de la Société (Sofia)’ and St Kliment Ohridski University (Faculty of Philosophy and Center for Slavonic and Byzantine Studies “Ivan Dujchev”).
   From the ‘Program’ of the Second Colloquium it becomes clear that interdisciplinarity is one of the most typical characteristics of BWG – all the theses presented cover a vast perimeter, to start with archaeology and end with philosophical issues. Needless to say, this Colloquium gave, again, chance to young scholars and candidate-doctors to make their appearance on the science’s ‘ground’.
   It is the aim of the BWG to publish all the papers presented at the Second Colloquium not only on paper, e.g. as a book of collective studies, but also on-line, especially the papers’ ‘Summaries’. They will be written in French and/or English; and the deadline is the end of 2008. We all hope that such a book (and on-line version, too) will help us not only to disseminate the results of our study of Byzantium and Byzantine history and culture in general, but also of all those organizations supporting BWG’s activity.
   The next topic of the Group is going to be ‘The Byzantine Memory and the Memory of Byzantium’ with activities scheduled for the period 2008–2010.

BYZANTIUM AS SEEN BY THE BYZANTINES AND THE OTHERS

In 2004/2005, the Byzantium Working Group’s general topic of research was:
Byzantium as Seen by the Byzantines and the Others.

Issuing from the activities of the Working Group was a Colloquium, held on April 8th and 9th, 2005, with generous support from NHSALC (Sofia) and FMSH (Paris), where the research results of Byzantium WG members were presented. This event provided participants with the opportunity to, for the first time, establish connections with highly-respected organizations such as Modus vivendi – a society for dissemination of medieval culture and archaeological reconstruction. Papers presented at 2005 Colloquium have been published in Bulgarian by Gutenberg Publishing House in a volume entitled Byzantium as Seen by the Byzantines and the Others. Selected papers will be published in English, French and German on this site. The academic promotion of the book was organized on the 4th of June 2007, in Saint Clement of Ohrid University of Sofia (see the Gallery).



Program of the Colloquium
BYZANTIUM AS SEEN BY THE BYZANTINES AND THE OTHERS

Friday, 8 April

Albena Milanova
The Town of the Byzantines and the Town of the Byzantinists. The Idea of the Town in Byzantium during the 11th and the 12th Centuries.

Alexander Nikolov
Ramon Lull’s Concept of Byzantium and the Byzantines

Georgi Kazakov
Roman Trophies of Christianity: Ceremonial and Urbanization in the Early Constantinople

Dimitar Iliev
The Image of Troy in Four Early Byzantine Epigrams

Emilia Karaboeva
Uses of the Term “Byzantine” in the Context of “The Other One” Image in Modern Bulgarian Culture

Ivelina Kyutchoukova
Dissemination of Byzantine Culture through Dynastic Marriages (end of 10th – middle of 15th centuries)

Slava Yanakieva
The Quest for the Byzantine Theatre

Valery Valeriev
The Concepts of Crime and Punishment Used in the Writings of the Holy Fathers of the Eastern Orthodox Church

Kristin Latif
Patriarch Nicephorus`, St. John of Damascus` and St. Theodore the Studite`s Antirrhetici and the Problem of "the Other`s" Absence in Byzantine Mentality

Martin Ossikovski
The Attitude towards the Greek Church in the Counciliar Controversy between Marsiglio of Padua and William of Ockham



Saturday 9 April

Michail Ivanov
Byzantine Views of the Ottoman Conquest of Constantinople (According to the “History” of Kritovulos of Imbros)

Mitko Delev
Who Took Constantinople in 1204?

Metodiy Rozhdestwenskiy
With the Colors of Justinian: a Study of the Barbarian Martial “Ethos” in the Early Middle Ages

Theodor Dimitrov
Hierarchia Byzantino-Persica

Tsvetelin Stepanov
Imagining Byzantium from Dusis: Some Topoi in the Bulgarian Historical-Apocalyptic Literature, 11th-13th Centuries.

Vasil Ninov
The Image of the Ideal Emperor in Niceta Choniates’ Chronicle : an Attempt of Reconsideration

Vesselina Vatchkova
The Pyres in Byzantium: About the Religious, Pseudo-religious and Anti-religious Aggression

Viara Valtchanova
Some Aspects of Change of Imperial Concepts in the 11th Century Byzantium

Vladimir Marinov
The Neoplatonic Tradition in Byzantium: Psellos’ Identity as a Philosopher

Lyuba Ilieva
Bulgarians’ mentality (XIth-XIIth Centuries) as Reflected in the Works of Theophylact, Archbishop of Ochrid

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